Cotton and its uses
Cotton is a very versatile product and some of the most common uses of cotton are:
• Cotton clothes and bed sheets, crochet and knitting yarn
• Cotton is used in terrycloth for the manufacturing of robes, towels
• Cotton clothes such as denim jeans contains cotton
• Creating of cotton paper, tents, fishing nets
• Art paper and bank notes
• Gunpowder, bookbinding and coffee filters
• Cotton seed are used for cottonseed oil
Recycling of Cotton
An environmentally friendly process as no harsh chemicals, dyes or new cotton is used as it gets blended and sorted by color to produce newly recycled cotton from scraps, waste and excess yarn. Other types of textile is blended in and formed into new textile items.
The largest producer of cotton is India with an annual production of over 34 million bales. India is second with 27 million bales and they mostly use it in their own textile industries. The United States is the largest exporter of cotton, followed by Africa. Five prominent types of cotton grown world-wide are Upland, Asiatic, American Pima, Sea Island and Egyptian. The growth period of cotton is 160 frost free days minimum. To produce a good cotton crop it is important to have fertile soil with lots of water and sunshine.
From Planting and Growth to Cultivation
After planting cotton seed it should germinate within a week to ten days and two leaves will be visible, through which the cotton plant absorbs sunlight. As the plant continues its growth it will approximately six weeks later have small flower buds. The bud will swell and push through its bracts and open into a flower. The flower will pollinate within three days and change color, first from creamy, to pink and then wither. After dropping it will expose a small green cotton pod that contains thirty two seeds and from here the cotton fibres grow. The fibres will continue its growth and in thickness. One plant can bear approximately one hundred bolls and have nearly half a million fibres.
Approximately six weeks after a boll appears, it will split open and dry out, exposing cotton segments, ready for picking.