The uses of cotton are very diverse and especially popular in the making of cotton clothes. There are hundreds of other uses of cotton and many do not even realize where cotton comes from or how it is grown and developed.
A cotton plant has a complex structure and it has an indeterminate growth habit with extreme sensitivity to adverse environmental conditions. When temperature conditions and favorable moisture conditions are available a cotton plant’s growth are very predictable, on the other hand.
Development stages of cotton are divided into five stages of growth.
1. Germination and emergence
2. Seedling establishment
3. Leaf and canopy development
4. Flower and boll development
However, the transitions are not always clearly defined in these stages.
When germination conditions are favorable, the root may emerge within three days. This root is the taproot that grows down into the soil. A cotton seedling may appear around five to ten days after you planted it. In addition, a cotyledon reaches one to two inches above the surface and arranged itself opposite the main stem. A cotton plants structure includes a main stem, different nodes, and internodes, two different branch types namely the fruit and vegetative branches.
New nodes will develop slower when water is less and this usually result in short plants as they give rise to branches and main stem leaves. The stem nodes, which as we just said develop slowly when water is restricted determines the final plant height. Four to five weeks after the formation of flower bids in the plant it will usually start at around the sixth node and successive fruits are not common unless there is a six-day interval. Squaring follows around three weeks late and boll development starts. The square develops into the white cotton flower and the quality and fiber variability will be influenced by the genetic makeup of the variety planted as well as the environment.